The tamed is the best among men—he who in patience endures hard words. Free from all dogmas and inscrutable claims to authority, the Dhamma is founded solidly upon the bedrock of the Buddha's own clear comprehension of reality, and it leads the one who practices it to that same understanding — the knowledge which extricates the roots of suffering. The starting point is the human condition as given, and fundamental to the picture that emerges is the inescapable duality of human life, the dichotomies which taunt and challenge man at every turn. If this is done repeatedly, with patience and perseverance, it is certain that the Dhammapada will confer upon his life a new meaning and sense of purpose. This introduction can also be found online at.
The source of the dictionaries come from. There the passionless find delight, for they are not allured by sense-life. Then the Buddha shows us the Path leading to the liberation from round of rebirths, i. This wise man regards the foolish as the mountaineer from his high peak looks at those who are dwelling on the plains. Those who control the mind which wanders afar, solitary, incorporeal, and which resides in the inner cavern of the heart , will liberate themselves from the shackles of Mara. A blade of kusa grass wrongly handled cuts the hand; asceticism wrongly practised leads downward, to hell. Death bears off the man whose mind is intent on plucking the flowers of sense, as a flood sweeps away a sleeping hamlet.
Those who led a contemplative life dedicated to gaining Arahantship could also be called brahmans, as in verses , , and. Him I call a Brahamana who, even here, knows the end of his suffering, who has laid aside his burden and is detached. With a mind wholly free you will not fall into birth and death. Theravada is a part of this school of thought. Why this laughter, why this jubilation, virtue of the good never ages. To draw out the living message of any great spiritual classic, it is not enough for us merely to investigate it in terms of questions that might be posed by scientific scholarship.
He who delights in quieting his disturbed mind and becomes mindful of the pleasant but undesirable nature of craving, he will certainly remove, nay destroy, the bondage of Mara. All our familiar concepts and modes of knowing fail to circumscribe his nature: he is trackless, of limitless range, free from all worldliness, the conqueror of all, the knower of all, untainted by the world , ,. For conduct to be completely purified, for the mind to be trained in concentration and insight, the adoption of a different lifestyle becomes advisable, one which minimizes distractions and stimulants to craving and orders all activities around the aim of liberation. One should adhere scrupulously to the five moral precepts: abstinence from destroying life, from stealing, from sexual misconduct, from lying and from intoxicants vv. Weeds are the bane of fields. A person who follows them avoids such things as lying, gossiping, cruelty, stealing, and overeating. The assumption that it was would make its relationship to the other texts altogether incomprehensible.
He who gives himself to unbecoming distractions and not to fitting reflection, gives up his own welfare; going after pleasures, he envies the man who exerts himself in meditation. Thus Gandhi joins with Edmond Holmes in affirming that Buddha taught out of the great philosophical reserves of the Upanishads, the spiritual religion of ancient India, but with a new spirit—a spirit of brotherhood and equality, and love of all life. Solid rock is not shaken by the gale. The Buddha taught it to laypeople as well as to monks, and many of his lay followers reached high stages of attainment. Verses discussed in the notes are indicated in the text by an asterisk at the end of the verse. Rebirth can take place in various realms. After hearing the Dhamma the wise become tranquil, like a deep lake which is clear and calm.
They who discern evil as evil and what is not evil as not evil enter the good path, following the true doctrine. Behold this painted image, this body full of sores, stuck together, sickly, and full of many thoughts devoid of permanence and stability. If a man speaks or acts with an evil thought, pain follows him, as the wheel follows the foot of the ox that draws the carriage. In the short run the good may suffer and the evil may prosper. Autumnal: Having to do with autumn, or fall. Better than a man who conquers in battles a thousand times a thousand men is he who conquers himself. If a man holds himself dear, let him diligently watch himself.
The difference lies in the viewpoint from which these precepts are issued and the purpose for which they are taken up. Its translation from pali is now available in many languages. Therefore a gift bestowed on those who are free from ill-will brings great reward. These truths became the cornerstones of Buddhist teaching. In other words, according to the critics, evil should triumph in the end. His actions are strung out between these moral antipodes, and because he cannot evade the necessity to choose, he must bear the full responsibility for his decisions. But all he can do is indicate the path; the work of treading it lies in the hands of the disciple.
This achievement alone, the Dhammapada declares, is greater than lordship over all the worlds. For conduct to be completely purified, for sustained contemplation and penetrating wisdom to unfold without impediments, adoption of a different style of life becomes imperative, one which minimizes distractions and stimulants to craving and orders all activities around the aim of liberation. The house is individualized existence in samsara, the house-builder craving, the rafters the passions and the ridge-pole ignorance. When a man, who has been long away, returns safe from afar and receives a welcome from kinsmen, friends and well-wishers; even so his own good deeds welcome him who leaves the worldly state and attains a higher plane; indeed his good deeds are his kinsmen. When they qualify or express doubts, they may do this more out of regard for how they will be understood than as a definitive account of their own convictions. Not nakedness, nor matted hair, nor filth, nor lying on the ground, besmearing the body with dust and ashes, nor posture squatting can cleanse the mortal who is full of doubt. After his initial reading, he would do well to read several verses or even a whole chapter every day, slowly and carefully, relishing the words.
A tamed man riding on his tamed self arrives there. In the end we must choose between the way that leads back into the world, to the round of becoming, and the way that leads out of the world, to Nibbana. The Dhammapada is considered one of the most popular pieces of. Only a few escape into the heavenly light. Cut down the forest and its brushwood, O monks, and be emancipated. He determines not to remain a worldling any more, but to become a Hearer, a Listener, a Savaka or Shravaka with a view to apply to life what he hears and thus become a Samana or Shramana. The cause for rebirth into these various realms the Buddha locates in kamma, our own willed actions.