But the Indian Scholars like Dadabhai Nauroji, R. Mahalwari System : The Mahalwari System was introduced in Punjab, parts of Madhya Pradesh and Western Uttar Pradesh. Each educational zone had one government school. But afterwards, a decision was made and the development of education under British rule had prevailed and commenced. A road of 969 miles completed by 1852. Work on the Grand Trunk Road from Calcutta to Delhi was begun in 1839 and completed in the 1850s. Education can initiate social changes by bringing about a change inoutlook and attitude of man.
At the same time there are some elite who learnt English to read and write fairly well. There was some ruling, some building of infrastructure, and some resource extraction going on. Life seemed great under British rule, but there was still that feeling of superiority that the English regarded the Indians with. In the Tamil speaking areas where the Brahmins ranged between 13% in the south Arcot to some 23% in Madras, the Muslims were less than 3% in South Arcot and Chingleput to 10% in Salem, while the Soodras and the other castes ranged from about 70% in Salem and Tinnevelly, to over 84% in South Arcot. Tobacco, indigo and opium were readily cultivated by the Indian farmers. It turns out it was worse than I had thought.
India, once they were educated and finally taken the last straw of mistreatment, wanted freedom. In this way, the present unitary and federal structure were evolved by the British. Though, it cannot be denied that the conquering society has more advantage to impose its values upon the defeated society. They raised the capital from the local resources and the profits sent back to their mother country. The introduction of modern education in India was primarily motivated by politico-administrative and economic needs of Britain in India. The British came to India at the start of the seventeenth century. This is not even a controversial opinion.
This observation may not be acceptable to all. The expansion of religion was sought and attained through political expansion in different parts of the world. It's important to remember that the economic growth rates we've got used to since the Industrial Revolution represent a radical break from the previous situation. The above trend continued unbated until the First World War. Another notable gift of the British to India is universal peace or freedom from external aggression and internal disorder. A nation, which is not proud of itself and forgets its own roots is destined to become a desolate desert, which is nothing but a dumping yard for International cultural garbage.
The prices of agricultural produce all over the country began to be more uniform, and the price fluctuations inside and outside the country began to affect the acreages under the various crops. Therefore, there was increasing cultivation of land. British manufacturers hoped to open up the vast and hitherto untapped market in the hinterlands for their finished goods and to facilitate the import of Indian raw materials to feed their ever hungry machines. Charles Wilkins translated the Bhagavad Gita into English. That is, teach them modern science and technology.
The intellectual and spiritual slavery giving rise to an inferiority complex shows the moral bankrupcty of the nation. They had already created local government institutions in the presidency towns as well as other provinces. Each province and Presidency was headed by the Governor-in-Council or Lieutenant Governors or Chief Commissioners. British merchants bought these Indian products in large quantities. These are the fundamental gains for the development of Indian nationalism. What Mercantilist party by the way? These regions were called colonies. Even today the average Indian goes ga-ga over western dress, gadgets ,automobiles, food and wine, perfumes and last but not the least the western music.
Education can be looked upon as process from this pointof view also. According to modernists, Europe was. Accordingly itmay also refer to social revolution, such as the Socialistrevolution presented in Marxism, or to other social movements, suchas Women's suffrage or the Civil rights movement. A range of scholars persist in basing their studies on views of Indian history that not only concentrate exclusively on it's negative traits, but also fail to situate the negative aspects of Indian history in historical context. The authors of the period started writing on humanistic issues such as social problems, unlike earlier authors, who wrote on religion, mythology and the lives of rulers.
The economic policy of the British was subservient to their mother land, England. However, the emphasis was on higher education. If you look at how well Indians do abroad and not just selected immigrants in America, but broader demographics in various countries , it appears that bad nurture is knocking perhaps a standard deviation off what Indians in India are genetically capable of. The hold of moneylender, who had been allowed to get the land attached, reduced the peasantry to the status of serf. Above all, they introduced railways in India. The Permanent Settlement 1793 A. The British, however, practised racial discrimination.
The Marathas had rules against the sales and mortgage of land. Therefore, they devoted great attention to the task of administration and re-organization of land revenue system. Agriculture was the main occupation of the people andindustries like textile, sugar, oil etc were also depended onit. The next step led to the establishment of Executive and Legislative Councils. Like I said before, explanations no matter how sophisticated are no excuses.