In 1700 there were probably no more than 2,500 blacks in the population; by 1765 there were 80,000—90,000, with blacks outnumbering whites by about 2 to 1. Mercantile theory encouraged the colonies to provide raw materials for England's industrializing economy; pig iron and coal became important exports. Displacement of Algonquians and the Pequot War Prior to the arrival of Europeans on the eastern shores of New England, the area around Massachusetts Bay was the territory of several Algonquian tribes, including the Massachusett, Nauset, and Wampanoag. It allowed all male members of the Puritan church the right to participate in elections for the governor, his assistants, and a representative assembly. The Northern colonies, especially, developed cottage industries that traded on a simple barter system. Connecticut was named for an Algonquin word meaning 'beside the long tidal river. Colonists relied upon British and European imports for glass, linens, hardware, machinery, and other items for the household.
Proprietary colony Colonies that were under the authority of individuals that had been granted charters of ownership, like Maryland and Pennsylvania. Boston was the major New England port. In general, both social and political power tended to be determined by economic standing, and the economic resources of colonial America, though not as unevenly distributed as in Europe, were nevertheless controlled by relatively few men. In the era just before the War for Independence, the average Briton paid 26 shillings in tax each year. The skilled craftspeople could not make those products fast enough.
Methodism spread to America in the late 1760s when preachers appointed by John Wesley traveled to the new world in 1769 to start American Methodist societies. Library of Congress, Washington, D. These local goods were shipped to towns and cities all along the Atlantic Coast, and enterprising men set up stables and taverns along wagon roads to service these trade routes. The Economy of British America 1607-1789. As suppliers of raw goods only, the colonies could not compete with Britain in manufacturing. They could dress in a widening variety of European fabrics adorned with a growing selection of European lace and buttons, and complete their outfits with fashionable silk stockings, gloves, and wigs.
Women, who were considered more susceptible to the Devil because of their supposedly weaker constitutions, made up the vast majority of suspects and those who were executed. Colonial industry was closely associated with trade. Puritans also believed in predestination and election by God of who is saved. By 1750 both Scotch-Irish and Irish could be found in the western portions of nearly every colony. And until 1733, American distillers bought molasses on the open market, often purchasing it from competing colonial empires. Factories in Maryland produced iron, and factories in Pennsylvania produced paper and textiles.
Groupings: Economic, Social, Religious, Political, Human-Environment Interaction. Providence Plantation Fleeing from religious persecution, Williams went on to found Providence Plantation in 1636 on land gifted by the Narragansett and Pequot tribes. In 1614, Dutch explorer traveled along the coast of Long Island Sound and then up the as far as. Corn, wheat, and livestock were shipped primarily to the West Indies from the growing commercial centers of Philadelphia and New York. Virginia and Maryland steadily increased their economic dependence on tobacco and on the merchants who purchased that tobacco, and for the most part they ignored those who recommended that they diversify their economies by turning part of their land over to the cultivation of.
During the 17th century, slaves remained a tiny minority of the population. Most religious groups were welcomed. In 1637, Hutchinson also purchased land on Aquidneck Island from the American Indians, settling in Pocasset, now known as Portsmouth, Rhode Island. Although its governors were elected, the electorate was limited to freemen, who had been examined for their religious views and formally admitted to their church. Slaves made up twenty percent of the population of New York in 1746, for example. Europeans loved the crop in spite of the denunciations of smoking by prominent figures, including King James I himself. Connecticut Colony was founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker.
While many look at John Locke as one of the founders of the , that the state is an agreement or contract between the individuals to join together into a society, the was one of the first to espouse the idea in England. The founding settlers expected to exploit Virginia's game, fishing, and agriculture, and establishing a lucrative trade with the neighboring Powhattan empire. Although lacking a charter, the founders of in were, like their counterparts in , dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony. The towns did not have courts; courts were instead a function of a larger unit, the county, and court officials were appointed by the colony government. The government systems used by the New England Colonies were Royal of Charter. After all, they needed fishing boats, and the regional economy quickly became dependent upon the sort of trade that only ships could produce at the time.
Towns were fairly small, surrounded by farms owned by the workers within the town. By 1700 many eastern woodland Indians had become permanently dependent on European commerce, and their participation in colonial commerce contributed greatly to North American economic growth. Anne Hutchinson was another critic of clerical authority. To achieve this favorable balance of trade, the English passed regulatory laws exclusively benefiting the British economy. In May of 1637, the Puritans attacked a large group of several hundred Pequot along the Mystic River in Connecticut. Towns grew to export materials and import goods. The Southern colonies were, of course, even more closely tied to the cash crop system.
Some grew potatoes, which provided a high production rate that was an advantage for small farms. In 1644, Roger Williams secured a land patent establishing the Incorporation of Providence Plantations in the Narragansett Bay. In the New England towns along the coast, the colonists made their living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. They could pane their windows with imported glass, decorate their parlors with fashionable imported candlesticks, and set their tables with inexpensive ceramic tableware. South Carolina, aided by British incentives, turned to the production of rice and indigo. Hundreds were accused of witchcraft in Puritan New England, including townspeople whose habits or appearance bothered their neighbors or who appeared threatening for any reason. Electronic Texts in American Studies.