Objectives of Materials Handling : As we know that with the rise of factory system, men continued to develop handling equipment to perform jobs where human or animal muscles were insufficient in either capacity or speed. But also ensures that material and product are available whenever production is scheduled, therefore, helping in matching demand and supply. Industrial Engineering Department: Since materials handling function is a division of the broad field of industrial engineering, materials handling engineer has to work in close cooperation with other industrial engineers dealing different functions, e. But now a day this aspect is being given its due importance and materials handling engineers play a vital role in the industries. Today, we have numerous ways by which material handling is done and it is generally classified according to the type of equipment used.
Establish the scope of the study. Focusing on efficient storage in terms of cubic as well as floor space becomes important. Definition of Materials Handling : There is no hard and fast definition of materials handling, however attempts have been made to define this term. Basic Materials Handling Systems : 1. In both cases effective use of material handling will help to reduce warehousing cost of materials. Moreover, heavy work can only be done by men, and often only by young men.
Performance Principle: Performance of handling is measured in terms of cost per unit handled, safe working condition, and increase in production rate or reduced manpower for handling. Materials handling equipment is not production machinery, but is auxiliary equipment that improves the flow of material which in turn reduces stoppages in production machines and thus increases their production. Therefore main objective of materials handling engineer is to reduce product cost the one overall goal. Systems approach for materials handling demands that all elements of problem, its cause and effect be analysed so as to accomplish to desired objectives. Unit Size Principle: Increase size, quantity, weight of the load handled. Materials handling equipment does not come under the production machinery but is an auxiliary equipment which can improve the flow of materials which in turn shall reduce the stoppages in production machines and thus increases their production.
Safety Principle: Safe handling methods and equipment for better working conditions and to avoid unsafe conditions. Material handling means providing the right amount of the right material, in the right condition, at the right place, at the right time, in the right position and for the right cost, by using the right method. Space Utilisation Principle: Optimum utilisation of building space. Material and equipment damage are also greatly reduced. When handling costs are reduced the overall unit cost is reduced as a direct result.
It applies to the movement of raw materials, parts in process, finished goods, packing materials, and disposal of scraps. Relationship with Other Departments 9. Material handling relates to the loading, unloading and movement of all types of materials. Skilled at using tools of the trade and proficient in computers and the industryÕs heavy equipment ready to work flexible hours and shifts to help keep production running smoothly. Position of Plant Layout and Materials Handling Departments in an Organisation : Position of plant layout department and materials handling department vary from organisation to organisation and depends upon its size and type of product manufactured. Determine details of distance to be moved, with details of curves, slopes etc. Not only cost, majority of production time is also consumed in handling materials before, during and after the manufacture.
Also, the use of materials by the purchaser may be simplified by proper unit load design thereby reducing the cost of unpacking and disposing of the packaging material. One of the important activities here is to unload the goods from the transportation vehicle. In the modern era of competition, this has acquired greater importance due to growing need for reducing the manufacturing cost. The objective of reduction in cost of production through improved materials handling can be achieved by: a Reducing material handling labour. Stores Department: Handling and storage of materials and supplies is determined by the characteristics of the items and the nature of storage methods. Material requirement planning plays a pivotal role in assembly-line production.
Therefore, manual material handing is of prime concern for health and safety professional, and they must determine practical ways of reducing health risk to the workers. When space requirements are optimized and travel times reduced through the use of efficient handling systems and equipment, material handling becomes more cost effective. Load capacity: Equipment selected should have great enough load-carrying characteristics to do the job effectively, yet should not be too large and result in excessive operating costs. Material handling is an important element, which determines the productivity of a warehouse. The industries, supermarket, offices, construction projects and the banks—all are engaged in moving things.
Handling of materials during the entire process of production and distribution, starting from raw material source, going through the factory and distribution network to the ultimate customer and beyond, to waste disposal and recycling. In brief followings are the objectives: 1 Cost reduction by: i Decreasing Inventory level ii Utilizing space to better advantage iii Increasing productivity. Environment: Equipment selected must conform to any environment regulations. Equipment Oriented Systems: a Industrial Truck Systems: Platform trucks and skids, fork trucks and pallets, and tractor-trailers. These principles are general guides, and can be put to use by means of different activities.
Material handling systems also have consequences that may be distinctly negative. The application of material handling methods and equipment to be of greatest benefits should be governed by the following: 1 Reduced Costs: Cost-Reduction programs have two broad goals; either to reduce the cost of Material Handling or to reduce total production cost; by improved handling procedures. Idle-time Principle: Reduce idle and unproductive time. Motion Principle: The handling equipment should be kept in motion i. Reduce damage due to materials handling and thus saves expenditure due to scrap and rework.
In the plant: i If materials are to be moved by hand operated or power trucks, passages are provided for their operation. Determine the handling cost of the items being handled by the present system. These devices increase output, improve quality, speed up the deliveries and therefore, reduces the production cost. The second transfer may be required during order selection where goods are transferred from storage area to order selection area. Since larger the load, lesser will be the cost per unit handled. This may be accomplished by the following means. This can release prime space for production and storage.