More than twenty white South Carolinians and nearly twice as many black South Carolinians were killed before the rebellion was suppressed. Hutchenson, killed 2 white people, and stole firearms. A response to the white's fears of insurrection, the act required that all white men carry firearms to church on Sundays, a time when whites usually didn't carry weapons and slaves were allowed to work for themselves. The slaves stopped in a large field late that afternoon, just before reaching the Edisto River. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies, with 25 white people and 35 to 50 black people killed.
Because of the rebellion, people knew that there had to be some sort of change to the proportionality of populations of whites and blacks. Some farmers after the rebellion left their homes, going with their families to places that were more easily defended. In response to the rebellion, the South Carolina legislature passed the Negro Act of 1740, which restricted slave assembly, education, and movement. These harsh laws would form the basis of race relations in South Carolina until after the American Civil War. The 1740 Negro Act made the manumission of slaves dependent on a special act of the assembly and mandated patrol service for every militiaman. Suspicion focused on the city's enslaved population and its multiracial working class community. About forty whites and probably as many blacks were killed during the Stono insurrection.
A group of slaves escaped and traveled another 30 miles 50 km before battling a week later with the militia. Most who escaped were captured and executed; any forced to join the rebels were released. By the dawn of the 18th century, the slave population in South Carolina had exceeded that of the whites. At the same time, the legislature tried to prevent slaves from being freed, as the representatives thought that the very presence of free blacks in the colony made slaves restless. Augustine would give a positive reception to slaves escaping from Carolina plantations.
The group was chanting slogans proclaiming their liberty as they headed towards St. Some of these restrictions had been in effect before the new Act, but had not been strictly enforced. Their leader, Jemmy, was a literate slave. Such relationships continued, as documented in numerous sources. The nation had independent relations with Rome.
Other slaves joined the rebellion until the group reached about 60 members. The region had slavery prior to the introduction of Christianity to the royal court of Kongo, and it was regulated by the Kingdom. Slavery was still practiced as late as the 1870s. The survivors were sold off to the. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies, with 21 whites and 44 blacks killed.
Causes of Rebellion What exactly brought about rebellion is unclear. Speaking Portuguese allowed the slaves in South Carolina to be more aware of offers of freedom by Spanish agents. The tally of the dead was 21 whites and 44 slaves killed. South Carolina kept these restrictions against manumission until slavery was abolished after the American Civil War. As a consequence of the uprising, white lawmakers imposed a moratorium on slave imports and enacted a harsher slave code. Led by an named Jemmy, a band of twenty slaves organized a rebellion on the banks of the Stono River.
Some of the rebels spoke Portuguese. It required legislative approval for , which slaveholders had previously been able to arrange privately. They left to warn other slaveholders. New York: Facts on File. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies, with 21 whites and 44 blacks killed. They killed between twenty to twenty-five whites. Citation Information The following information is provided for citations.
In mid-August, a Charlestown newspaper announced the Security Act. The militia rounded up the escapees, decapitating them and setting their heads on posts as a lesson to other slaves. When at Stono's Bridge, they proceeded to raid Hutcheson's store. They were quick to gather a group of militia and concerned plantation owners who were bent on containing the rebellion and putting a stop to their killings. National Historic Landmark summary listing. They felt as though the rebellion would be more effective because of their Catholic background back in Africa. The Security Act of 1739 which required all white males to carry arms even to church on Sundays had been passed in August of that year in response to earlier runaways and minor rebellions, but it had not fully taken effect.
A South Carolina Historical Marker has also been erected at the site. Slaves resisted their enslavement naturally because slavery was essentially an unnatural form of life. They killed at least 20 whites but spared others. The whites did not take any chances. Looking to cause unrest within the English colonies, the Spanish had issued a proclamation stating that any slave who deserted to St Augustine would be given the same treatment. The which required all white males to carry arms even to church on Sundays had been passed in August of that year in response to earlier runaways and minor rebellions, but it had not fully taken effect.
Calling Out Liberty: The Stono Rebellion and the Universal Struggle for Human Rights. When they approached the rebels, the slaves fired two shots. The band of rebels hit a series of businesses and homes, recruiting more slaves and killing the masters and their families. Related Entries: Part 1: Africans in America:. Jemmy, the leader of the revolt, was a literate slave described as Angolan, which likely meant from the kingdom of Kongo in Central Africa. Along the road they gathered more black recruits, burned houses, and killed white opponents, sparing one innkeeper who was 'kind to his slaves. Tensions between England and Spain over territory in North America made slaves hopeful in gaining freedom by reaching Spanish territory, particularly the free black community of , founded in 1738.