Atticus refuses, and Scout suddenly comes racing out of her hiding place next door, only to realize that this group of men differs from the group that came to their house the previous night. Within the moral universe of To Kill a Mockingbird, the behavior of both characters makes perfect sense. When the children return home, they find Aunt Alexandra waiting for them. To make matters worse, the state legislature, of which Atticus is a member, is called into session, forcing Atticus to travel to the state capital every day for two weeks. Scout begins to look forward to Dill's return that summer; however, she is disappointed when she receives a letter from him saying that his mother has remarried and he will be staying with his family in Meridian that summer instead.
Instead, her son, who can read, sings out a line of a hymn and the crowd repeats it. Alexandra is extremely proud of the Finches and spends much of her time discussing the characteristics of the various families in Maycomb. Dill's presence is perhaps a reminder of how much their lives have changed because of the Robinson trial; he presents a contrast between childhood and adulthood. The members of First Purchase Church-an all black church-are generally very inviting to Scout and Jem. Cunningham to say hello to his son shows how truly unaware of the situation she is.
Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them to bed. Jem refuses, and one of the men tells Atticus that he has fifteen seconds to get his children to leave. The now mature Jem leads Scout and Dill into town on the night that Atticus faces the lynch mob. The kindness of the congregation of First Purchase and their strong community helps to convey Harper Lees views on the unjust racism that is ever-present in Maycomb. Calpurnia, who is minding the children, takes Jem and Scout to her church one day. They are worried that a group of people intent on lynching Tom Robinson may intercept his transfer. Jem tells Scout not to worry about it and to stop pestering Aunt Alexandra.
She attempts to instill in Jem and Scout a pride in their family legacy. Jem insists on following his father to the jail, no doubt because he understands just what is going on and is concerned for his father's safety. Simply because of their racial prejudice, the townspeople are prepared to accept the word of the cruel, ignorant Bob Ewell over that of a decent black man. Of course, Atticus will hear none of it. Calpurnia explains that most people can't read anyway. The following evening, Atticus takes the car into town.
Except for a lady name Lula, they are portrayed in a very positive manner. From a distance, they see Atticus sitting in front of the Maycomb jail, reading a newspaper. She fails to recognize that issues of race are at play. Alexandra quickly becomes quite popular in Maycomb, thriving in its social life, especially among the women. One of the men tells Atticus that he needs to make his children leave, and he obviously means this as a threat.
Jem goes down the hall and tells Atticus. However, it is actually a much different group of people: the lynch mob. She calls Jem in and they discover Dill hiding there. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry. Aunt Alexandra believes the Finch name to be a proud one, and she wants Jem and Scout to believe the same. Meanwhile, Dill seems to represent the earlier childhood that Scout reflected on so fondly in the novel. After the service, Reverend Syke's takes up a collection of money for Tom Robinson's wife, who has not been able to find work since her husband was brought up on charges of raping a white woman.
Curious about the trial, Scout asks her father what rape is. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry. Cunningham realize her essential goodness, and he responds with civility and kindness. He sends a letter saying that he has a new father presumably, his mother has remarried and will stay with his family in Meridian. Scout also finds out that it was Bob Ewell who has made the accusations against Tom Robinson.
As Scout duly notes, the world of childhood fun that Dill represents can no longer stave off the adult reality of hatred and unfairness that Jem finds himself entering. However, Jem and Scout lack the pride that Aunt Alexandra considers commensurate with being a Finch. It is insulting to change the past with a version that is easier to stomach. After giving a very legal definition of rape that clears up nothing for Scout, Atticus asks why Scout doesn't ask Calpurnia. The novel also continues to reveal the ugly underbelly of Maycomb. At the start of Chapter 12, Jem has turned twelve years old, and he continues to grow farther apart from Scout.
When the children return home, they find Aunt Alexandra waiting for them. Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them off to bed. Later, Jem tells Scout that Alexandra and Atticus have been arguing about the trial; she nearly accused him of bringing disgrace on the family. Several days after Dill's appearance, a group of men shows up at Atticus' house-including the sheriff- with news that Tom Robinson is being transferred to another jail. Scout gets angry at being lectured and attacks Jem.