However, the young Santa Anna quickly distinguished himself as a capable fighter and leader, and after 1821, he gained national prominence in the successful Mexican war for independence from Spain. Santa Anna's response was as ruthless as Lincoln's in 1861: he marched north to suppress the rebellion, proclaiming that all opponents taken in arms would be put to death. In the aftermath of the rebellion the young officer witnessed Arredondo's fierce counterinsurgency policy of mass executions, and historians have speculated that Santa Anna modeled his policy and conduct in the on his experience under Arredondo. Santa Anna's second rule was even more dictatorial than the first. When the Mexican-American War erupted in 1846, however, Santa Anna returned to Mexico originally claiming he only wanted to help in the war effort. Early Career Antonio López de Santa Ana was born in Jalapa, Veracruz.
Crawford, 1988 ; biographies by W. Santa Anna took part in several coups during the formative years of the Mexican Republic in the 1820s. He raised revenue by taxation but spent lavishly on festivals and a private army. He received his first wound, an Indian arrow in his left arm or hand, in 1811. He compelled Santa Anna to order an armistice, all Mexican forces to retreat from Texas and all Texan prisoners released. Mexico's first railroad was built during these years, the country's currency was revamped, and harmonious foreign relations were maintained. In less than two years he was again.
Image available on the and included in accordance with. Santa Anna loved gambling, whether dice or cards, and Mexican politics, too, was a game of chance. In August 1855 the liberals, led by Juan Álvarez, revolted against the increasingly corrupt regime. Once again and perhaps he perceived this Santa Anna's timing in changing sides had precipitated change itself. Moreover, the battle secured Texas independence and nearly a million square miles of territory. Local officials studied his model and also enriched themselves.
In 1829 Spain made its final attempt to retake Mexico, landing a force of 2,600 soldiers at Tampico. However, there is a museum with the personal possessions he left in Mexico when he was exiled t … o Colombia in 1855. At the beginning of the , Santa Anna entered into negotiations with President James K. He was buried at Tepeyac Cemetery, near Guadalupe Hidalgo. In 1864, when the French invaded Mexico to install the Austrian Archduke Maximilian as Emperor, the old man returned home, proclaiming himself a monarchist.
He lost his left ankle through the war and therefore was amputated, and the leg was replaced by a prosthetic cork leg. Lack Santa Anna, Antonio López de 1794—1876 Mexican general and dictator. Mexican General, Revolutionist, President, and Dictator 1794-1876 Born in 1794, in Jalapa, Mexico, Santa Anna led revolts against Iturbide 1822 , against Guerrero 1828 and against Bustamante 1832. Antonio López de did not cause this tragic situation or Mexico's varied problems. Still somehow a national hero, Santa Ana retired to Magna de Clavo for 18 months. Uploaded on June 15, 2010.
. However, he was not very interested in governing the country and therefore his vice president Dr. He was a disastrous president for Mexico, losing first Texas and then much of the current American west to the United States. His intelligence service learned one American army under Zachary Taylor would advance from the north and a second, under Winfield Scott, would land at Vera Cruz to march on Mexico City. He was tried for treason in absentia, and all of his estates and wealth were confiscated.
He was buried in PanteóndelTepeyac Cemetery. A scouting party captured him, unaware of his identity. An opportunist, Santa Anna shifted allegiance from party to party in Mexico. Some merely sought respite from the struggle. In February 1846, Santa Anna entered into negotiations with President James K. Texan losses were 16 killed, 24 wounded, including Houston.
Disappointed in his efforts, he proceeded towards Mexico, was arrested on the coast, and returned to exile. But under counsel, he decided to take one final swipe at the Texas rebels by dividing his army and sweeping the land. His role in helping Mexico retain its independence made Santa Anna a national hero, and the following year Vice-President Anastasio Bustamante called on the hero to help him stage a coup against Guerrero, who was subsequently executed. This time his government lasted until 1842. Lone Star Nation: How a Ragged Army of Volunteers Won the Battle for Texas Independence, and Changed America. In all, he stayed on and off power for 11 terms within 22 years. Despite his slaughter of the defenders of the , and the execution of those captured around Goliad, Santa Anna survived death threats and imprisonment.
The struggle, a bitter civil war, destroyed trade, farming, communications, and commerce. The Mexican government attempted to enforce control by abolishing slavery in 1829 which was aimed at Texas, since slavery was unimportant elsewhere in Mexico , closing the border to further colonization from the United States in 1830, and restricting trade. The General called this plant chicle and left some behind on his departure. When his former ally led an army to the capital in December of 1844, Santa Anna was unable to raise troops adequate to his needs, and he fled. Anglo settlers, under the leadership of Stephen F. He soon became bored in his first presidency, leaving the real work to his vice-president, who soon launched an ambitious reform of church, state and army. He returned to the country, leading Mexico to the Mexico-American War, which he was defeated in 1848.
As a young military officer, he supported Emperor Agustin de Iturbide, and at one time courted the emperor's sister. Maximilian had learned from others' experience: he exiled Santa Anna almost immediately. After signing a public treaty ending the war and a secret treaty in which he promised to do everything he could to ensure that the Mexican government adhered to the public treaty, Santa Anna was sent to , for an interview with Pres. While Santa Anna played an important role in achieving Mexican independence, his subsequent governments were also at least partially responsible for the loss of the Southwest to the United States. The captured Santa Anna, fearing execution, willingly signed an order calling for all Mexican troops to withdraw. Seward, on a tour of the West Indies, paid Santa Anna a visit in St. Santa Anna was elected president of Mexico in 1833, the first of five presidential stints.